Abby Mann

LOS ANGELES (AP) Abby Mann, writer of socially conscious scripts for movies and television and winner of the 1961 Academy Award for adapted screenplay for "Judgment at Nuremberg," has died, the Writers Guild of America said. He was 80.

Mann, who died Tuesday, won multiple Emmys, including one in 1973 for "The Marcus-Nelson Murders," which created a maverick New York police detective named Theo Kojak. The film, starring Telly Savalas, was spun off into the long-running TV series "Kojak."

His "Judgment at Nuremberg" had become a successful drama on television, and against all advice, he was determined to convert it into his first movie script.

Mann persisted, and producer-director Stanley Kramer made the film with a cast that included Spencer Tracy, Burt Lancaster, Marlene Dietrich, Judy Garland, Richard Widmark, Montgomery Clift and Maximilian Schell. "Judgment at Nuremberg" was nominated for 11 Academy Awards and won Oscars for Schell and Mann.

His other movies included "A Child Is Waiting," about retarded children; "Ship of Fools," involving human interplay on an ocean liner; and "Report to the Commissioner" about police corruption.

Finding film studios increasingly unwilling to tackle controversial subjects, Mann returned to television.

After creating "Kojak," which aired until 1978, he wrote and directed the Emmy-nominated miniseries "King," a biography of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.

Other made-for-TV movies: "Skag" (1980), which became a short-run series for Karl Malden; "Murderers Among Us: The Simon Weisenthal Story" (1989); "Teamster Boss: The Jackie Presser Story" (1992); "Sinatra" (1992); and "Indictment: The McMartin Trial" (1995).

One of his last works was 2002's "Whitewash: The Clarence Brandley Story," based on the true-life story of a man wrongly convicted of murder because of racism.

In 2001, his script of "Judgment at Nuremberg" was produced in New York by the National Actors Theater.

Wally Phillips

CHICAGO (AP) Wally Phillips, the most listened-to Chicago radio host for two decades, has died. He was 82.

The longtime broadcaster, whose skillful blend of information and humor made him a pioneer of talk radio, died Thursday after suffering from Alzheimer's disease, according to WGN, where he spent 42 years.

Phillips dominated Chicago's radio airwaves after taking over WGN's morning show in 1965.

Mixing audience participation, public service and breaking news, his broadcast was the No. 1 morning show in Chicago from 1966 until he left to take over the afternoon program in 1986, according to WGN.

At the height of his popularity, he had an audience of nearly 1.5 million about half the listeners in the Chicago area.

Phillips returned to the air in 1999 to host a two-hour weekly talk show on WAIT-AM, a station in suburban Chicago.

Harvey Picker

CAMDEN, Maine (AP) Harvey Picker, a pioneering physicist, inventor and businessman who went on to a second career in higher education before focusing on the promotion of patient-centered health care, has died. He was 92.

The death on Saturday was confirmed by a statement on the Web site of the Picker Institute, a global nonprofit organization he co-founded. A cause of death was not immediately available.

Picker, son of the founder of Picker X-Ray Co., led the family business into such fields as cobalt therapy for cancer, nuclear imaging diagnostics and use of ultrasound for oceanography, which was then adapted for medical imaging.

Picker began his academic career by teaching political science at Colgate University, his alma mater. He then served for more than a decade as dean of the Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs.

An avid sailor, Picker in 1982 moved to Maine, where he bought Wayfarer Marine, one of the largest boatyards on the East Coast. Four years later, he and his wife Jean founded the Boston-based Picker Institute, which is dedicated to advancing the principles of patient-centered care as seen "though the patient's eyes."

Jean Picker, who served as an ambassador to the United Nations during the 1960s and was an active collaborator in her husband's many interests, died in 1990.

Edward Rafeedie

LOS ANGELES (AP) Edward Rafeedie, a federal judge who presided over a number of high-profile cases during his two decades on the bench, has died. He was 79.

Rafeedie died Tuesday at his Malibu home after a 1 year battle with cancer, the Los Angeles Daily Journal reported in Thursday's edition.

Rafeedie was appointed by Ronald Reagan in 1971 to be a judge on the Los Angeles Superior Court, where he heard cases involving celebrities such as Groucho Marx, Rod Stewart and Evel Knievel.

Reagan later appointed Rafeedie to the federal bench, where he heard the torture-murder case of a Drug Enforcement Administration agent. He also presided over the plea agreement of Steven Cooperman, a Beverly Hills doctor who masterminded the disappearance of valuable paintings he owned, including a Picasso and a Monet, and fraudulently collected the insurance money.

Copyright 2008 The Associated Press.