In today’s economic climate, many American families are trying to reduce their household spending.

One strategy is to reduce food costs. On average, Americans spend about 13 percent of their disposable income on food, according to data from the USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion. Higher food prices, coupled with the higher price of gas, means that families need strategies to stretch their food dollars.

Think about these tips:

Know your food budget. Take a look at the family budget and decide how much you can spend on food. From this amount, determine your weekly food allowance and stick to it!

Make a plan. Each week plan the family’s meals and snacks. What kinds of foods do they like? Can you find some new low-cost, easy to prepare recipes? What food items do you already have on hand at home? Using these items first will help you save money. Develop your weekly grocery list based on your menu and the foods you already have at home.

Be a smart shopper. Once you have your grocery list for the week, head to the store. If possible, plan only one shopping trip per week. The more often you shop, the more money you spend. Once in the store, stick to your list. Resist the urge to make impulse buys, especially on foods that do not have much nutritional value. This is also a good reason not to grocery shop on an empty stomach.

Look at store ads to identify items your family will eat that are on sale. Can you substitute something on your list for a food item that is on sale? Which types of fresh produce are in season and on sale? Often, these may be cheaper than canned or frozen versions of the food. If you see a bulk item that your family eats and it’s on sale, stock up and repackage the food into smaller quantities at home. Stock up on shelf stable bulk items if you have space to store them properly and your family will eat them before they spoil. Also consider looking at unit prices of foods which can often be found on the shelf tag. Larger sized packaged items are not always cheaper than smaller packages.

Consider trying store brands which may be of the same quality as other name brand products. Also, look up and down on store shelves. The most expensive items are usually at eye level. Less expensive products may be at a higher or lower level on the shelf. If possible, try to avoid convenience foods which may be more expensive than preparing the item from scratch.

To make your trip to the store as efficient as possible, also consider organizing your grocery list by sections of the store. Only visit those aisles which have a food you need to purchase. When checking out, be sure to watch for errors in pricing. Make sure sale items ring up correctly and that any coupons you have are applied to the purchase.

Eat at home as often as possible. Once you have purchased for the week, eat them! Eating at home is a great way to save on food costs. Cook once and eat twice. Prepare enough food at the evening meal so you have leftovers for your lunch the following day. Make eating out a special treat. This will help your pocket book and waistline.

Reduce food waste. When you throw food away, it’s like throwing money in the garbage. Be sure to store any leftovers you have at home promptly and eat them in one to two days. If you cook in bulk and cannot eat the entire batch of food in one or two days, freeze some of it for later use.

These tips can help you reduce your food costs, stay within your food budget, and get more from your food dollars.


Rita Hodges is the Ellis County Extension Agent-Family & Consumer Sciences, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service. Visit Rita at the Extension Office located at 701 S. I-35 E, Waxahachie, TX 75165; phone at 972-825-5175; or email at Educational programs of the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, genetic information or veteran status. The Texas A&M University System, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the County Commissioners